Today in Earthquake History
Earthquake History for October 8th
- At least 86,000 people killed, more than 69,000 injured and
extensive damage in northern Pakistan. The heaviest damage
occurred in the Muzaffarabad area, Kashmir where entire villages
were destroyed and at Uri where 80 percent of the town was
destroyed. At least 32,335 buildings collapsed in Anantnag,
Baramula, Jammu and Srinagar, Kashmir. Buildings collapsed in
Abbottabad, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Islamabad, Lahore and
Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Maximum intensity VIII. Felt (VII) at
Topi; (VI) at Islamabad, Peshawar and Rawalpindi; (V) at
Faisalabad and Lahore. Felt at Chakwal, Jhang, Sargodha and as
far as Quetta. At least 1,350 people killed and 6,266 injured in
India. Felt (V) at Chandigarh and New Delhi; (IV) at Delhi and
Gurgaon, India. Felt in Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,
Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal and Uttar
Pradesh, India. At least one person killed and some buildings
collapsed in Afghanistan. Felt (IV) at Kabul and (III) at
Bagrami, Afghanistan. Felt (III) at Kashi, China and (II) at
Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Also felt at Almaty, Kazakhstan. An
estimated 4 million people in the area were left homeless.
Landslides and rockfalls damaged or destroyed several mountain
roads and highways cutting off access to the region for several
days. Landslides also occurred farther north near the towns of
Gilgit and Skardu, Kashmir. Liquefaction and sandblows occurred
in the western part of the Vale of Kashmir and near Jammu.
Landslides and rockfalls also occurred in parts of Himachal
Pradesh, India. Seiches were observed in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
and West Bengal, India and in many places in Bangladesh.
Significant Earthquakes of the World 2005.
- Considerable property damage on Antigua, Barbuda,
and St. Kitts.
Four persons were reported injured on Antigua.
There were no deaths reported.
Maximum MM Intensity VIII was
recored in the Leeward Islands.
The tremor was also felt on parts
of eastern Puerto Rico, 450 kilometers away.
From Earthquake Information Bulletin, 1976, Volume 6, Number 6.
- Analyzing this earthquake,
Andrija Mohorovicic was the first in the world to discover
a velocity discontinuity that separates the
crust of the Earth from the mantle. It was named the Mohorovicic Discontinuity
in his honour. Soon after, scientists
confirmed the existence of this discontinuity under all the continents and oceans.
- This strong earthquake caused
severe damage in several towns, including New
Almaden, Petaluma, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa
Clara, and Santa Cruz. Property loss was estimated
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