PAGER - M 6.6 - SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA

Alert level does not include impacts from earthquake-related hazards such as tsunamis, landslides, fires or liquefaction.

Earthquake Shaking Alert Level: YELLOW

Download Alert PDFWhat's this?Thursday, October 1st, 2009 at 01:52:28 UTC (08:52:28 local)Location: 2.5° S, 101.5° EDepth: 15kmEvent Id: US2009MFAFAlert Version: 1Created: 51 weeks, 1 day after earthquake.
Global Location

Alert Information

Yellow alert for shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. Some casualties and damage are possible and the impact should be relatively localized. Past yellow alerts have required a local or regional level response. Estimated economic losses are less than 1% of GDP of Indonesia.
Estimated FatalitiesFatality Alert Level: YELLOW
ESTIMATED FATALITY ALERT: YELLOW
ESTIMATED FATALITIES (LEVEL)Probability (%)
0 (GREEN)
 
9
1 to 9 (YELLOW)
 
44
10 to 99 (YELLOW)
 
40
100 to 999 (ORANGE)
 
7
1 to 10 thousand (RED)0
10 to 100 thousand (RED)0
100 thousand + (RED)0
Estimated Economic LossesEconomic Alert Level: YELLOW
ESTIMATED ECONOMIC ALERT: YELLOW
ESTIMATED VALUE IN USD (LEVEL)Probability (%)
0 to 1 million (GREEN)
 
11
1 to 10 million (YELLOW)
 
47
10 to 100 million (YELLOW)
 
36
100 million to 1 billion (ORANGE)
 
5
1 to 10 billion (RED)0
10 to 100 billion (RED)0
100 billion + (RED)0

Detailed Information

Estimated Population Exposed to Earthquake Shaking
Estimated Modified Mercalli IntensityIII-IIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXX
Est. Population Exposure---*---*11,640k*2,756k275k109k17k1940
Perceived ShakingNot FeltWeakLightModerateStrongVery StrongSevereViolentExtreme
Potential Structure DamageResistantnonenonenoneV. LightLightModerateModerate/HeavyHeavyV. Heavy
VulnerablenonenonenoneLightModerateModerate/HeavyHeavyV. HeavyV. Heavy
*Estimated exposure only includes population within calculated shake map area
Population Exposure
Population per ~1 sq. km. from LandScan
Population Exposure Map

Structure Information Summary

Overall, the population in this region resides in structures that are vulnerable to earthquake shaking, though some resistant structures exist. The predominant vulnerable building types are concrete/cinder block masonry and nonductile reinforced concrete frame construction.

Historical Earthquakes (with MMI)

Date (UTC)Dist (km)MagMax MMI (#)Shaking Deaths
1995-10-06566.7VIII (41k)84
2000-06-042577.9VIII (2k)103
2007-03-062486.3VIII (15k)0

Recent earthquakes in this area have caused secondary hazards such as landslides that might have contributed to losses.

Selected Cities Exposedfrom GeoNames Database of Cities with 1,000 or more residents.
MMICityPopulation
VISungaipenuh96k
VCurup46k
VBengkulu310k
IVLubuklinggau148k
IVSolok48k
IVPadang840k
IVJambi420k
IVPayakumbuh122k
IVPerabumulih103k
IVBukittinggi99k
IVBaturaja135k

(k = x1,000)

Historical Events Map
Nearby Events in the EXPO-CAT Earthquake Catalog
#Date/TimeMagLat, Lon, DepthCountryMax MMI (Exposed)DeathsSecondary Effects
ShakingTotal
11973-02-25
10:31 UTC
5.91.81° S, 99.54° E
33km
IDVII (208)00
21974-12-24
06:55 UTC
6.82.31° S, 98.92° E
24km
IDVII (3 k)00
31975-10-01
04:13 UTC
64.85° S, 102.02° E
31km
IDVI (741)00
41977-03-08
23:17 UTC
6.10.5° N, 99.77° E
14km
IDVIII (307)00
51977-11-18
10:17 UTC
6.14.39° S, 101.97° E
45km
IDVI (24 k)00
61978-02-18
03:43 UTC
5.54.66° S, 102.86° E
42km
IDVI (51 k)00
71978-06-24
09:31 UTC
6.45.09° S, 102.3° E
32km
IDVII (2 k)00
81979-01-11
06:28 UTC
6.24.08° S, 101.24° E
28km
IDV (380 k)00
91979-12-15
00:02 UTC
6.53.39° S, 102.54° E
11km
IDIX (3 k)88
101982-04-15
14:51 UTC
5.44.74° S, 103.07° E
20km
IDVI (3 k)00
111986-01-29
11:56 UTC
53.89° S, 103.44° E
48km
IDV (350 k)00
121987-05-18
07:23 UTC
62.23° S, 99.93° E
34km
IDVII (8 k)00
131988-05-05
20:51 UTC
4.94.59° S, 102.79° E
34km
IDVI (14 k)00
141992-02-06
01:12 UTC
6.35.75° S, 103.03° E
34km
IDVI (34)00
151992-04-18
09:16 UTC
6.65.49° S, 102.88° E
27km
IDVII (488)00
161993-08-04
11:31 UTC
6.41.68° S, 99.51° E
36km
IDVII (6 k)00
171994-01-07
19:23 UTC
5.60.6° S, 98.53° E
31km
IDVII (4 k)00
181994-05-09
12:36 UTC
5.62.01° S, 99.68° E
30km
IDVII (2 k)00
191994-05-11
08:18 UTC
6.42° S, 99.7° E
34km
IDVIII (285)00
201994-05-11
21:14 UTC
6.12.07° S, 99.61° E
28km
IDVIII (536)00
211994-05-17
09:45 UTC
5.82.1° S, 99.48° E
28km
IDVII (5 k)00
221995-10-06
18:09 UTC
6.72.01° S, 101.45° E
36km
IDVIII (41 k)8484landslide
231995-11-05
16:29 UTC
6.34.97° S, 103.15° E
37km
IDVII (14 k)00
241996-08-09
00:27 UTC
5.82.04° S, 99.58° E
31km
IDVII (5 k)00
251996-08-10
22:35 UTC
5.62.01° S, 99.52° E
32km
IDVII (1 k)00
261997-08-25
21:24 UTC
5.42.01° S, 99.85° E
34km
IDVI (6 k)00
271997-12-18
05:46 UTC
5.72.01° S, 99.51° E
15km
IDVII (2 k)00
281998-04-01
17:56 UTC
70.56° S, 99.2° E
32km
IDVII (264 k)00
291998-05-29
02:55 UTC
5.42.2° S, 99.56° E
30km
IDVII (3 k)00
301998-05-29
04:47 UTC
5.42.2° S, 99.55° E
30km
IDVII (3 k)00
312000-06-04
16:28 UTC
7.94.76° S, 102.03° E
34km
IDVIII (2 k)103103landslide
322000-06-04
16:39 UTC
6.74.65° S, 101.96° E
51km
IDVI (511 k)00
332000-06-05
23:55 UTC
5.54.15° S, 101.95° E
47km
IDV (540 k)11
342000-06-06
09:58 UTC
6.25.11° S, 102.66° E
32km
IDVII (254)00
352000-06-07
23:45 UTC
6.74.65° S, 101.84° E
32km
IDVI (443 k)11
362000-09-22
18:22 UTC
6.25.01° S, 102.01° E
31km
IDVII (1 k)00
372001-01-16
13:25 UTC
6.84.06° S, 101.59° E
33km
IDVII (13 k)00
382001-02-13
19:28 UTC
7.34.83° S, 102.32° E
34km
IDVII (82 k)00
392003-02-03
11:46 UTC
5.62.86° S, 101.09° E
42km
IDVI (108 k)00
402004-02-16
14:44 UTC
50.52° S, 100.55° E
13km
IDVII (2 k)55
412004-02-22
06:46 UTC
61.61° S, 100.39° E
46km
IDVII (3 k)00
422005-04-10
10:29 UTC
6.71.68° S, 99.55° E
19km
IDVII (2 k)00
432005-04-10
10:45 UTC
5.71.59° S, 99.56° E
28km
IDVI (4 k)00
442005-04-10
11:14 UTC
6.51.74° S, 99.69° E
35km
IDVII (4 k)00
452005-04-10
11:55 UTC
5.91.68° S, 99.64° E
31km
IDVII (23)00
462005-04-10
17:24 UTC
6.11.61° S, 99.68° E
35km
IDVII (23)00
472005-04-14
11:29 UTC
5.71.9° S, 99.92° E
29km
IDVI (6 k)00
482006-05-08
09:16 UTC
5.94.82° S, 102.32° E
36km
IDVI (623)00
492006-12-17
21:39 UTC
5.80.61° N, 99.81° E
29km
IDVII (72 k)77landslide
502007-03-06
03:49 UTC
6.40.48° S, 100.47° E
19km
IDIX (15 k)6767
512007-03-06
05:49 UTC
6.30.5° S, 100.52° E
24km
IDVIII (15 k)00

PAGER content is automatically generated, and only considers losses due to structural damage. Limitations of input data, shaking estimates, and loss models may add uncertainty. PAGER results are generally available within 30 minutes of the earthquake’s occurrence. However, information on the extent of shaking will be uncertain in the minutes and hours following an earthquake and typically improves as additional sensor data and reported intensities are acquired and incorporated into models of the earthquake's source. Users of PAGER estimates should account for uncertainty and always seek the most current PAGER release for any earthquake.