PAGER - M 7.6 - SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA

Alert level does not include impacts from earthquake-related hazards such as tsunamis, landslides, fires or liquefaction.

Earthquake Shaking Alert Level: ORANGE

Download Alert PDFWhat's this?Wednesday, September 30th, 2009 at 10:16:09 UTC (17:16:09 local)Location: 0.7° S, 99.9° EDepth: 81kmEvent Id: US2009MEBZAlert Version: 1Created: 51 weeks, 2 days after earthquake.
Global Location

Alert Information

Orange alert for shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. Significant casualties and damage are likely and the disaster is potentially widespread. Past orange alerts have required a regional or national level response. Estimated economic losses are less than 1% of GDP of Indonesia.
Estimated FatalitiesFatality Alert Level: ORANGE
ESTIMATED FATALITY ALERT: ORANGE
ESTIMATED FATALITIES (LEVEL)Probability (%)
0 (GREEN)0
1 to 9 (YELLOW)
 
4
10 to 99 (YELLOW)
 
21
100 to 999 (ORANGE)
 
38
1 to 10 thousand (RED)
 
28
10 to 100 thousand (RED)
 
8
100 thousand + (RED)1
Estimated Economic LossesEconomic Alert Level: ORANGE
ESTIMATED ECONOMIC ALERT: ORANGE
ESTIMATED VALUE IN USD (LEVEL)Probability (%)
0 to 1 million (GREEN)1
1 to 10 million (YELLOW)
 
7
10 to 100 million (YELLOW)
 
23
100 million to 1 billion (ORANGE)
 
35
1 to 10 billion (RED)
 
25
10 to 100 billion (RED)
 
8
100 billion + (RED)1

Detailed Information

Estimated Population Exposed to Earthquake Shaking
Estimated Modified Mercalli IntensityIII-IIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXX
Est. Population Exposure---*269k*2,299k*6,350k1,715k3,318k1,010k00
Perceived ShakingNot FeltWeakLightModerateStrongVery StrongSevereViolentExtreme
Potential Structure DamageResistantnonenonenoneV. LightLightModerateModerate/HeavyHeavyV. Heavy
VulnerablenonenonenoneLightModerateModerate/HeavyHeavyV. HeavyV. Heavy
*Estimated exposure only includes population within calculated shake map area
Population Exposure
Population per ~1 sq. km. from LandScan
Population Exposure Map

Structure Information Summary

Overall, the population in this region resides in structures that are vulnerable to earthquake shaking, though some resistant structures exist. The predominant vulnerable building types are concrete/cinder block masonry and unreinforced brick with concrete floor construction.

Historical Earthquakes (with MMI)

Date (UTC)Dist (km)MagMax MMI (#)Shaking Deaths
1995-10-062276.7VIII (41k)84
2007-03-06736.4IX (15k)67
2007-03-06786.3VIII (15k)0

Recent earthquakes in this area have caused secondary hazards such as landslides that might have contributed to losses.

Selected Cities Exposedfrom GeoNames Database of Cities with 1,000 or more residents.
MMICityPopulation
VIIIPariaman92k
VIIIBukittinggi99k
VIIPayakumbuh122k
VIISolok48k
VIIPadang840k
VIISijunjung28k
VDumai144k
IVPekanbaru0
IVLubuklinggau148k
IIIMuar128k
IIIMelaka181k

(k = x1,000)

Historical Events Map
Nearby Events in the EXPO-CAT Earthquake Catalog
#Date/TimeMagLat, Lon, DepthCountryMax MMI (Exposed)DeathsSecondary Effects
ShakingTotal
11973-02-25
10:31 UTC
5.91.81° S, 99.54° E
33km
IDVII (208)00
21973-12-08
06:10 UTC
5.70.31° S, 98.19° E
25km
IDVII (8 k)00
31974-02-27
18:01 UTC
5.91.23° N, 97.56° E
40km
IDVII (74 k)00
41974-12-04
03:07 UTC
6.90.51° N, 97.85° E
45km
IDIX (19 k)00
51974-12-24
06:55 UTC
6.82.31° S, 98.92° E
24km
IDVII (3 k)00
61977-03-08
23:17 UTC
6.10.5° N, 99.77° E
14km
IDVIII (307)00
71984-08-27
06:41 UTC
5.61.77° N, 98.93° E
19km
IDVIII (61)00
81984-11-17
06:49 UTC
7.10.18° N, 97.96° E
28km
IDVIII (7 k)00
91987-04-25
19:22 UTC
6.42.41° N, 98.91° E
8km
IDIX (15 k)22
101987-04-28
15:32 UTC
5.72.07° N, 99.02° E
4km
IDVIII (1 k)00
111987-05-18
07:23 UTC
62.23° S, 99.93° E
34km
IDVII (8 k)00
121993-08-04
11:31 UTC
6.41.68° S, 99.51° E
36km
IDVII (6 k)00
131994-01-07
19:23 UTC
5.60.6° S, 98.53° E
31km
IDVII (4 k)00
141994-05-09
12:36 UTC
5.62.01° S, 99.68° E
30km
IDVII (2 k)00
151994-05-11
08:18 UTC
6.42° S, 99.7° E
34km
IDVIII (285)00
161994-05-11
21:14 UTC
6.12.07° S, 99.61° E
28km
IDVIII (536)00
171994-05-17
09:45 UTC
5.82.1° S, 99.48° E
28km
IDVII (5 k)00
181995-10-06
18:09 UTC
6.72.01° S, 101.45° E
36km
IDVIII (41 k)8484landslide
191996-08-09
00:27 UTC
5.82.04° S, 99.58° E
31km
IDVII (5 k)00
201996-08-10
22:35 UTC
5.62.01° S, 99.52° E
32km
IDVII (1 k)00
211997-07-07
11:19 UTC
5.51.02° N, 97.45° E
23km
IDVII (113 k)00
221997-07-07
11:24 UTC
5.81° N, 97.48° E
28km
IDVII (174 k)00
231997-08-25
21:24 UTC
5.42.01° S, 99.85° E
34km
IDVI (6 k)00
241997-12-18
05:46 UTC
5.72.01° S, 99.51° E
15km
IDVII (2 k)00
251998-04-01
17:56 UTC
70.56° S, 99.2° E
32km
IDVII (264 k)00
261998-05-29
02:55 UTC
5.42.2° S, 99.56° E
30km
IDVII (3 k)00
271998-05-29
04:47 UTC
5.42.2° S, 99.55° E
30km
IDVII (3 k)00
282001-05-18
02:05 UTC
5.80.41° N, 97.75° E
20km
IDVII (53 k)00
292003-01-10
15:18 UTC
5.70.21° N, 97.88° E
27km
IDVII (32)00
302003-02-03
11:46 UTC
5.62.86° S, 101.09° E
42km
IDVI (108 k)00
312004-02-16
14:44 UTC
50.52° S, 100.55° E
13km
IDVII (2 k)55
322004-02-22
06:46 UTC
61.61° S, 100.39° E
46km
IDVII (3 k)00
332004-05-11
08:28 UTC
6.10.4° N, 97.77° E
21km
IDVII (95 k)00
342005-03-28
16:21 UTC
5.81.14° N, 97.04° E
30km
IDVII (15 k)00
352005-03-28
16:38 UTC
5.91.2° N, 97.46° E
20km
IDVIII (14 k)00
362005-03-28
18:30 UTC
6.10.92° N, 97.84° E
30km
IDVIII (5 k)00
372005-03-28
19:02 UTC
5.81.03° N, 97.81° E
40km
IDVII (97 k)00
382005-03-29
06:16 UTC
5.51.79° N, 99.16° E
20km
IDVII (2 k)00
392005-04-01
20:32 UTC
5.60.32° N, 98.12° E
29km
IDVI (38 k)00
402005-04-03
00:59 UTC
60.37° N, 98.3° E
30km
IDVII (3 k)00
412005-04-03
03:10 UTC
6.21.97° N, 97.89° E
36km
IDVII (170 k)00
422005-04-07
11:46 UTC
5.60.6° N, 97.4° E
19km
IDV (587 k)00
432005-04-08
01:51 UTC
5.70.65° N, 97.33° E
29km
IDVII (181)00
442005-04-08
05:48 UTC
6.10.25° S, 97.7° E
21km
IDVI (34)00
452005-04-10
10:29 UTC
6.71.68° S, 99.55° E
19km
IDVII (2 k)00
462005-04-10
10:45 UTC
5.71.59° S, 99.56° E
28km
IDVI (4 k)00
472005-04-10
11:14 UTC
6.51.74° S, 99.69° E
35km
IDVII (4 k)00
482005-04-10
11:55 UTC
5.91.68° S, 99.64° E
31km
IDVII (23)00
492005-04-10
17:24 UTC
6.11.61° S, 99.68° E
35km
IDVII (23)00
502005-04-14
11:29 UTC
5.71.9° S, 99.92° E
29km
IDVI (6 k)00
512005-04-16
16:38 UTC
6.41.84° N, 97.62° E
31km
IDVII (80 k)00
522005-05-14
05:05 UTC
6.70.51° N, 98.36° E
34km
IDVII (50 k)00
532005-06-03
00:42 UTC
5.81.45° N, 97.11° E
19km
IDVIII (3 k)00
542005-07-11
14:36 UTC
5.51.28° N, 97.19° E
22km
IDVIII (313)00
552005-10-08
04:30 UTC
5.61.99° N, 97.86° E
32km
IDVI (139 k)00
562005-10-16
19:03 UTC
5.72.03° N, 97.93° E
32km
IDVII (37 k)00
572005-11-04
17:44 UTC
5.51.24° N, 97.24° E
30km
IDVII (47 k)00
582005-11-27
23:31 UTC
5.61.15° N, 97.24° E
24km
IDVII (80 k)00
592006-05-16
15:28 UTC
6.80.09° N, 97.01° E
12km
IDV (774 k)00
602006-07-30
01:28 UTC
5.61.46° N, 97.18° E
30km
IDVII (53 k)00
612006-12-17
21:39 UTC
5.80.61° N, 99.81° E
29km
IDVII (72 k)77landslide
622007-02-14
19:49 UTC
5.70.43° N, 97.31° E
16km
IDV (633 k)00
632007-03-06
03:49 UTC
6.40.48° S, 100.47° E
19km
IDIX (15 k)6767
642007-03-06
05:49 UTC
6.30.5° S, 100.52° E
24km
IDVIII (15 k)00
652007-03-07
10:53 UTC
5.91.98° N, 97.91° E
42km
IDVII (2 k)00

PAGER content is automatically generated, and only considers losses due to structural damage. Limitations of input data, shaking estimates, and loss models may add uncertainty. PAGER results are generally available within 30 minutes of the earthquake’s occurrence. However, information on the extent of shaking will be uncertain in the minutes and hours following an earthquake and typically improves as additional sensor data and reported intensities are acquired and incorporated into models of the earthquake's source. Users of PAGER estimates should account for uncertainty and always seek the most current PAGER release for any earthquake.