At least 1,000 people killed, 300 injured
and 300 buildings destroyed on Nias; 100 people killed, many
injured and several buildings damaged on Simeulue; 200 people
killed in Kepulauan Banyak; 3 people killed, 40 injured and some
damage in the Meulaboh area, Sumatra. A 3 meter tsunami damaged
the port and airport on Simeulue. Tsunami runup heights as high
as 2 meters were observed on the west coast of Nias and 1 meter
at Singkil and Meulaboh, Sumatra.
At least 10 people were killed during evacuation of
the coast of Sri Lanka.
Significant Earthquakes of the World 2005.
M6.9 - Turkey, 1970
Over 1,000 killed.
One of the world's deadliest earthquakes.
More than 12,000 houses were destroyed
or severely damaged in the Gediz-Emet
area of Kutahya Province. Over 50
percent of the buildings were damaged
in 53 villages in the area. A large
amount of the damage was caused by
landslides and fires triggered by the
earthquake. Some damage occurred at
Bursa and Yalova. It was felt at
Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and as far east
as Erzincan. It was also felt on Chios
(Khios) and Lesvos, Greece. Strong
aftershocks caused considerable
additional damage. A total of 61 km
(38 mi) of predominantly normal
(vertical, extensional or "pull-apart")
faulting was observed in several zones
in the Gediz area with a maximum offset
of 275 cm (9 ft) on the Ayikayasi
Fault. A large part of the fault
displacements may be due to creep after
the earthquake, rather than from the
quake itself. Numerous landslides and
changes in thermal springs occurred in
the epicentral area.
M7.1 - Chile, 1965
About 400 persons were killed or missing,
350 were injured, and extensive property damage was reported
throughout the area.
The mining village of El Cobre completely disappeared
after the shock shattered a 230-foot dam, cascading
two million tons of water and mud into the town.
There was extensive damage to bridges, roads, and
public utilities, and structural damage to thousands
of buildings in Santiago and Valparaiso.
At Llay-Llay, almost every building was
heavily damaged by the earthquake and ensuing fires.
Several other towns north of Santiago reported
extensive property damage.
From United States Earthquakes, 1965.
M9.2 - Alaska, 1964
Local time: March 27 05:36:14 p.m. The second largest earthquake in the World, since 1900.
This great earthquake and ensuing tsunami took 128 lives (tsunami 113,
earthquake 15), and caused about $311 million in property loss.
Abridged from Seismicity of the United States, 1568-1989 (Revised), by Carl W. Stover and Jerry L. Coffman.
M5.1 - Nebraska, 1964
One of the largest historical earthquakes in Nebraska.
Many cracks formed in the roadway south of Merriman,
and steep slopes slumped into the Niobrara River.
Merchandise in stores was broken, dishes were broken, and
stucco under windows cracked. At Alliance, about 135 kilometers
southwest of Merriman, part of a chimney cap fell on a
house; at Rushville, about 35 kilometers southwest of Merriman,
plaster fell and a wall cracked. Also felt in Montana,
South Dakota, and Wyoming.
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