Seismic Network Operations


Otavalo, Ecuador

IU OTAV commences operations on: 2000,251

Country Flag
Host: Escuela Politecnica Nacional
Latitude: 0.238
Longitude: -78.451
Elevation: 3510
Datalogger: Q330
Broadband: STS-1VBB_w/E300
Accelerometer: FBA_ES-T_EpiSensor_Accelerometer
Telemetry Status at the NEIC: Last Data In Less Than 10 Minutes
Station Photo Station Photo Station Photo 

Vault Condition: Tunnel into the side of a mountain.

Location CodeChannel CodeInstrumentFlagsSample RateDipAzimuthDepth
00BH1Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG20.000.000.0015.00
00BH2Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG20.000.0090.0015.00
00BHZStreckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG20.00-90.000.0015.00
00LH1Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG1.000.000.0015.00
00LH2Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG1.000.0090.0015.00
00LHZStreckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG1.00-90.000.0015.00
00VH1Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG0.100.000.0015.00
00VH2Streckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG0.100.0090.0015.00
00VHZStreckeisen STS-1VBB w/E300CG0.10-90.000.0015.00
10BH1Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG40.000.000.0015.00
10BH2Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG40.000.0090.0015.00
10BHZStreckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG40.00-90.000.0015.00
10HH1Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainTG100.000.000.0015.00
10HH2Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainTG100.000.0090.0015.00
10HHZStreckeisen STS-2 High-gainTG100.00-90.000.0015.00
10LH1Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG1.000.000.0015.00
10LH2Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG1.000.0090.0015.00
10LHZStreckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG1.00-90.000.0015.00
10VH1Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG0.100.000.0015.00
10VH2Streckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG0.100.0090.0015.00
10VHZStreckeisen STS-2 High-gainCG0.10-90.000.0015.00
10VMUStreckeisen STS-2 Standard-gainCH0.100.000.0015.00
10VMVStreckeisen STS-2 Standard-gainCH0.100.000.0015.00
10VMWStreckeisen STS-2 Standard-gainCH0.100.000.0015.00
20HN1Titan AccelerometerTG100.000.000.0015.00
20HN2Titan AccelerometerTG100.000.0090.0015.00
20HNZTitan AccelerometerTG100.00-90.000.0015.00
20LN1Titan AccelerometerCG1.000.000.0015.00
20LN2Titan AccelerometerCG1.000.0090.0015.00
20LNZTitan AccelerometerCG1.00-90.000.0015.00
30LDOlower quality chip sensor in Setra boxCW1.000.000.0015.00
31LDOCI/PAS pressure sensorCW1.
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As part of the annual calibration process, the USGS runs a sequence that includes a random, a step, and several sine wave calibrations.  The USGS analyzes the random binary calibration signal in order to estimate the instrument response.  The figures below show the results from the analysis of the most recent processed calibration at the station.

We use an iterative three-step method to estimate instrument response parameters (poles, zeros, sensitivity and gain) and their associated errors using random calibration signals. First, we solve a coarse non-linear inverse problem using a least squares grid search to yield a first approximation to the solution. This approach reduces the likelihood of poorly estimated parameters (a local-minimum solution) caused by noise in the calibration records and enhances algorithm convergence. Second, we iteratively solve a non-linear parameter estimation problem to obtain the least squares best-fit Laplace pole/zero/gain model. Third, by applying the central limit theorem we estimate the errors in this pole/zero model by solving the inverse problem at each frequency in a 2/3rds-octave band centered at each best-fit pole/zero frequency. This procedure yields error estimates of the 99% confidence interval.

LocChanCal DateEpoch-SpanGradeAmp Nominal Error (dB)Amp Best Fit Error (dB)Phase Nominal Error (degree)Phase Best Fit Error (degree)SensorCal Type
00BH12013:3402013:074 to No Ending TimeA0.0198950.00919520.130910.17408STS1VBBE3Random
00BHZ2013:3402012:180 to No Ending TimeA0.0172920.0088080.12820.18073STS1VBBE3Random
00BH22013:3402012:180 to No Ending TimeA0.0224340.00868230.151170.15817STS1VBBE3Random
10BHZ2013:3412010:137 to No Ending TimeA0.0150350.0146570.107440.10122STS-2-HGRandom
  1. Current Issues
    STS-1 N-S LP pulsing present.
  2. 2013-03-17
    Accelerometer replaced.
  3. 2012-06-28
    E300 cables were replaced to address over damped long period response.
  4. 2009-04-06
    Upgraded to Q330 digitizer.