Seismic Network Operations
IU KBS
NyAlesund, Spitzbergen, Norway
IU KBS commences operations on: 1994,309
Host:  University of Bergen 

Latitude:  78.915 
Longitude:  11.938 
Elevation:  90 
Datalogger:  Q330 
Broadband:  STS1VBB_w/E300 
Accelerometer:  FBA_EST_EpiSensor_Accelerometer 
Telemetry Status at the NEIC:  Last Data In Less Than 10 Minutes 
Vault Condition: Seismometer piers are isolated from the floor and extend through two feet of soil plus an additional two feet into the permafrost. Large iron bolts extend from the bottom of the pier into the permafrost for another five feet. The building is on stilts and the piers are exposed for several feet to the elements, and strong winds cause noisy conditions.
Site Geology: Permafrost
Location Code  Channel Code  Instrument  Flags  Sample Rate  Dip  Azimuth  Depth 

20  HNZ  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  TG  100.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
20  HN2  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  TG  100.00  0.00  90.00  3.00 
20  HN1  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  TG  100.00  0.00  0.00  3.00 
10  HHZ  STS2 Standardgain  TG  100.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
10  HH2  STS2 Standardgain  TG  100.00  0.00  100.00  3.00 
10  HH1  STS2 Standardgain  TG  100.00  0.00  10.00  3.00 
30  LDO  CI/PAS pressure sensor  CW  1.00  0.00  0.00  0.00 
30  BDO  CI/PAS pressure sensor  CW  40.00  0.00  0.00  0.00 
20  LNZ  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  CG  1.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
20  LN2  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  CG  1.00  0.00  90.00  3.00 
20  LN1  FBA EST EpiSensor Accelerometer  CG  1.00  0.00  0.00  3.00 
10  VHZ  STS2 Standardgain  CG  0.10  90.00  0.00  3.00 
10  VH2  STS2 Standardgain  CG  0.10  0.00  100.00  3.00 
10  VH1  STS2 Standardgain  CG  0.10  0.00  10.00  3.00 
10  LHZ  STS2 Standardgain  CG  1.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
10  LH2  STS2 Standardgain  CG  1.00  0.00  100.00  3.00 
10  LH1  STS2 Standardgain  CG  1.00  0.00  10.00  3.00 
10  BHZ  STS2 Standardgain  CG  40.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
10  BH2  STS2 Standardgain  CG  40.00  0.00  100.00  3.00 
10  BH1  STS2 Standardgain  CG  40.00  0.00  10.00  3.00 
00  VHZ  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  0.10  90.00  0.00  3.00 
00  VH2  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  0.10  0.00  89.00  3.00 
00  VH1  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  0.10  0.00  359.00  3.00 
00  LHZ  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  1.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
00  LH2  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  1.00  0.00  89.00  3.00 
00  LH1  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  1.00  0.00  359.00  3.00 
00  BHZ  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  20.00  90.00  0.00  3.00 
00  BH2  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  20.00  0.00  89.00  3.00 
00  BH1  STS1VBB w/E300  CG  20.00  0.00  359.00  3.00 
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Availability, Since 1972
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As part of the annual calibration process, the USGS runs a sequence that includes a random, a step, and several sine wave calibrations. The USGS analyzes the random binary calibration signal in order to estimate the instrument response. The figures below show the results from the analysis of the most recent processed calibration at the station.
We use an iterative threestep method to estimate instrument response parameters (poles, zeros, sensitivity and gain) and their associated errors using random calibration signals. First, we solve a coarse nonlinear inverse problem using a least squares grid search to yield a first approximation to the solution. This approach reduces the likelihood of poorly estimated parameters (a localminimum solution) caused by noise in the calibration records and enhances algorithm convergence. Second, we iteratively solve a nonlinear parameter estimation problem to obtain the least squares bestfit Laplace pole/zero/gain model. Third, by applying the central limit theorem we estimate the errors in this pole/zero model by solving the inverse problem at each frequency in a 2/3rdsoctave band centered at each bestfit pole/zero frequency. This procedure yields error estimates of the 99% confidence interval.
Loc  Chan  Cal Date  EpochSpan  Grade  Amp Nominal Error (dB)  Amp Best Fit Error (dB)  Phase Nominal Error (degree)  Phase Best Fit Error (degree)  Sensor  Cal Type 

00  BH1  2014:090  2011:019 to No Ending Time  A  0.024866  0.0086798  0.14205  0.19239  STS1VBBE3  Random 
00  BH2  2014:090  2011:019 to No Ending Time  A  0.016126  0.008918  0.1168  0.16269  STS1VBBE3  Random 
10  BHZ  2014:091  2011:020 to No Ending Time  A  0.041789  0.014783  0.1333  0.20202  STS2SG  Random 
00  BHZ  2014:090  2011:019 to No Ending Time  A  0.017387  0.011661  0.11843  0.20467  STS1VBBE3  Random 

20100611Upgraded to Q330 digitizer.