105 people killed and 150 injured in the Aiquile-Totora
area. Eighty percent of the buildings at Aiquile and
seventy percent at Totora were destroyed. Complex
earthquake with at least two larger events occurring
about 8 and 12 seconds after the onset.
The city of Bingol was nearly destroyed.
The earthquake was located about 410 miles southeast
of Ankara. A thousand or more people
were killed, 90 percent of Bingol's structures
destroyed, and 15,000 of its
inhabitants were made homeless. The earthquake
occurred at the extreme eastern end
of the Anatolian Fault.
From Earthquake Information Bulletin, Volume 3, Number 5.
Severe damage from shaking occurred in
the Valdivia-Puerto Montt area. Most of
the casualties and much of the damage
was because of large tsunamis which
caused damage along the coast of Chile
from Lebu to Puerto Aisen and in many
areas of the Pacific Ocean. Puerto
Saavedra was completely destroyed by
waves which reached heights of 11.5 m
(38 ft) and carried remains of houses
inland as much as 3 km (2 mi). Wave
heights of 8 m (26 ft) caused much
damage at Corral. Tsunamis caused 61
deaths and severe damage in Hawaii,
mostly at Hilo, where the runup height
reached 10.6 m (35 ft). Waves as high
as 5.5 m (18 ft) struck northern Honshu
about 1 day after the quake, where it
destroyed more than 1600 homes and
left 185 people dead or missing.
Another 32 people were dead or missing
in the Philippines after the tsunami
hit those islands. Damage also occurred
on Easter Island, in the Samoa Islands
and in California. One to 1.5 m (3-5
ft) of subsidence occurred along the
Chilean coast from the south end of the
Arauco Peninsula to Quellon on Chiloe
Island. As much of 3 m (10 ft) of
uplift occurred on Isla Guafo. Many
landslides occurred in the Chilean Lake
District from Lago Villarica to Lago
Todos los Santos. On May 24, Volcan
Puyehue erupted, sending ash and steam
as high as 6,000 m. The eruption
continued for several weeks. This quake
was preceded by 4 foreshocks bigger
than magnitude 7.0, including a
magnitude 7.9 on May 21 that caused
severe damage in the Concepcion area.
aftershocks occurred, with 5 of
magnitude 7.0 or greater through Nov 1.
This is the largest earthquake of the
20th Century. The rupture zone is
estimated to be about 1000 km long, from
Lebu to Puerto Aisen. Note that the tsunami
deaths from outside Chile are included
in the 1,655 total. This is still
considerably fewer than some estimates
which were as high as 5,700. However,
Rothe and others state that the initial
reports were greatly overestimated. The
death toll for this huge earthquake was
less than it might have been because it
it occurred in the middle of the
afternoon, many of the structures had
been built to be earthquake-resistant
and the series of strong foreshocks had
made the population wary.
More than 40,900 deaths.
Extreme damage in the Gulang-Wuwei
area. Landslides buried a town near
Gulang and dammed a stream in Wuwei
County, creating a new lake. Large
fissures and sandblows occurred in the
area. Damage occurred from Lanzhou
through Minqin and Yongchang to Jinta.
It was felt at Xi'an and as far as 700
km (440 mi) from the epicenter. This
area along the base of the Qilian Shan
(formerly named Nan Shan, which is why
this is sometimes called the Nan Shan
earthquake) was part of the Silk Road
connecting China with Central Asia.
Some sources list the death toll as
high as 200,000, but this may be a
confusion with the much-bigger Ningxia
quake of 1920. Also, Gu et al. report
that over 250,000 livestock were killed
by this earthquake.