One of the world's deadliest earthquakes.
At least 2,200 people killed or missing in the Flores region,
including 1,490 at Maumere and 700 on Babi. More than 500
people were injured and 40,000 left homeless. 19 people were
killed and 130 houses destroyed on Kalaotoa. Severe damage,
with approximately 90 percent of the buildings destroyed at
Maumere by the earthquake and tsunami; 50 to 80 percent of the
structures on Flores were damaged or destroyed. Damage also
occurred on Sumba and Alor. Tsunami run-up of 300 meters with
wave heights of 25 meters was reported on Flores along with
landslides and ground cracks at several locations around the
island. Felt (V) at Larantuka, Flores; (IV) at Waingapu, Sumba
and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi; (II) at Kupang, Timor.
The earthquake was centered off the coast
at the border of Colombia and Ecuador.
At least 600 people killed, 20,000 reported injured,
and extensive damage in the Pasto-Tumaco-Buenaventura area
and on Gorgona Island, Colombia. Felt strongly
in northwestern Ecuador.
A 3-meter (peak-to-peak) tsunami was reported
along the Colombian coast which reportedly
caused most of the deaths and damage on Gorgona
Island. The tsunami caused extensive damage to most
port cities along the coast of Colombia from
Buenaventura south. Tsunami heights were reported
in other parts of the Pacific, but
none were large enough to cause damage. The earthquake
was felt strongly in many parts of southern Colombia
and northwestern Ecuador, but
no casualties or damage were reported in Ecuador.
From Significant Earthquakes of the World 1979,
and Earthquake Information Bulletin, Volume 12, Number 3.
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