qfaults web comp Archived report (may contain descriptions that are not current)

Garlock fault zone, Central Garlock section (Class A) No. 69b

Last Review Date: 2000-06-29

County(s) and State(s) SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
Physiographic province(s) BASIN AND RANGE
Reliability of location Good
Compiled at 1:62,500 scale.
Length (km) This section is 107 km of a total fault length of 257 km.
Average strike N64°E (for section)
Sense of movement Left lateral
Dip Direction V
Historic earthquake
Most recent prehistoric deformation latest Quaternary (<15 ka)
Slip-rate category Greater than 5.0 mm/yr
References Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Fairbanks, R.G., and Zindler, A., 1990, Calibration of the C-14 timescale over the past 30,000 years using mass spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals: Nature, v. 345, p. 405-410.

Burchfiel, B.C., Hodges, K.V., and Royden, L.H., 1987, Geology of Panamint Valley-Saline Valley pull-apart system, California—Palinspastic evidence for low-angle geometry of a Neogene range-bounding fault: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, no. B10, p. 10,422-10,426.

Burke, D.B., 1979, Log of a trench in the Garlock fault zone, Fremont Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1028, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.

Carr, M.D., Harris, A.G., Poole, F.G., and Fleck, R.J., 1993, Stratigraphy and structure of Paleozoic outer continental margin rocks in Pilot Knob Valley, north central Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2015, 33 p.

Carter, B., 1994, Neogene offsets and displacement rates, central Garlock fault, California, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T.M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section Annual Meeting, Guidebook, v. 27, p. 348-356.

Carter, B.A., 1980, Quaternary displacement on the Garlock fault, California, in Fife, D.L., and Brown, A.R., eds., Geology and mineral wealth of the California desert: South Coast Geological Society, Santa Ana, California, p. 457-466.

Carter, J.N., Luyendyk, B.P., and Terres, R.R., 1987, Neogene clockwise tectonic rotation of the eastern Transverse Ranges, California, suggested by paleomagnetic vectors: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 98, p. 199-206.

Clark, M.M., 1973, Map showing recently active breaks along the Garlock and associated faults, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations I-741, 3 sheets, scale 1:24,000.

Clark, M.M., and Lajoie, K.R., 1974, Holocene behavior of the Garlock fault: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 6, p. 156-157.

Clark, M.M., Harms, K.H., Lienkaemper, J.J., Harwood, D.S., Lajoie, K.R., Matti, J.C., Perkins, J.A., Rymer, M.J., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., Sharp, R.V., Sims, J.D., Tinsley, J.C., III, and Ziony, J.I., 1984, Preliminary slip rate table and map of late Quaternary faults of California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-106, 12 p., 5 plates, scale 1:1,000,000.

Davis, G.A., and Burchfiel, B.C., 1973, Garlock fault—An intracontinental transform structure, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 84, p. 1407-1422.

Dawson, T.E., 2000, A 7000 year record of paleoearthquakes on the central Garlock fault, near El Paso Peaks, California: San Diego State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 90 p.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1952, Geology of the Saltdale quadrangle, California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 160, p. 1-43, scale 1:62,500.

Dokka, R.K., and Travis, C.J., 1990, Late Cenozoic strike-slip faulting in the Mojave Desert, California: Tectonics, v. 9, p. 311-340.

Hamilton, W.B., and Myers, W.B., 1966, Cenozoic tectonics of the western United States: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 4, p. 509-549.

Hill, M.L., and Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1953, San Andreas, Garlock, and Big Pine faults, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 64, p. 443–458.

Jennings, C.W., 1994, Fault activity map of California and adjacent areas, with locations of recent volcanic eruptions: California Division of Mines and Geology Geologic Data Map 6, 92 p., 2 pls., scale 1:750,000.

Jones, C.J., 1987, Is extension in Death Valley accommodated by thinning of the mantle lithosphere beneath the Sierra Nevada, California?: Tectonics, v. 6, p. 449-473.

LaViolette, J.W., 1981, Holocene and late Pleistocene displacement history of the western Garlock fault: Long Beach, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 72 p.

Louie, J.N., Allen, C.R., Johnson, P.C., Haase, P.C., and Cohn, S.N., 1985, Fault slip in southern California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 75, no. 3, p. 811-833.

McGill, S.F., 1994, Holocene activity on the central Garlock fault, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T.M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Guidebook, p. 356-364.

McGill, S.F., 1994, Preliminary slip rate and recurrence interval for the western Garlock fault system near Lone Tree Canyon, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 72.

McGill, S.F., 1998, Summary of neotectonic slip-rate studies of the Garlock and Owl Lake faults, in Calzia, J.P., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Finding faults in the Mojave: San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 45, p. 88-90.

McGill, S.F., 1999, Slip-rate studies of the Garlock and Owl Lake faults: U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, Annual Summaries v. 40, Contract no. 1434-92-G-2210, 6 p., (electronic version on line at http://erp-web.er.usgs.gov/).

McGill, S.F., and others, in preparation, Slip rate of the western Garlock fault, rate of soil development, and paleoclimatic implications at a site near Lone Tree Canyon, Mojave Desert, California: Unpublished manuscript in preparation, 18 p.

McGill, S.F., and Rockwell, T.R., 1998, Ages of late Holocene earthquakes on the central Garlock fault near El Paso Peaks, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, no. B4, p. 7265-7279.

McGill, S.F., and Sieh, K., 1991, Surficial offsets on the central and eastern Garlock Fault associated with prehistoric earthquakes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 21,587-21,621.

McGill, S.F., and Sieh, K., 1993, Holocene slip rate of the central Garlock fault in southeastern Searles Valley, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 98, p. 14,217-14,231.

McGill, S.H.F., 1992, Paleoseismology and neotectonics of the central and eastern Garlock fault, California: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 235 p.

Minster, J.B., and Jordan, T.H., 1987, Vector constraints on western U.S. deformation from space geodesy, neotectonics, and pl. motion: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, p. 4798.

Pampeyan, E.H., Holtzer, T.L., and Clark, M.M., 1988, Modern ground failure in the Garlock fault zone, Fremont Valley, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 677-691.

Petersen, M.D., Bryant, W.A., Cramer, C.H., Cao, T., Reichle, M.S., Frankel, A.D., Lienkaemper, J.J., McCrory, P.A., and Schwartz, D.P., 1996, Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for the State of California: California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 96-08 (also U.S. Geological Open-File Report 96-706), 33 p.

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Roquemore, G.R., Smith, P.E., and Banks, E.W., 1982, Holocene earthquake activity of the eastern Garlock Fault in Christmas Canyon, San Bernardino County, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 14, no. 4, p. 228.

Smith, G.I., 1962, Large lateral displacement on the Garlock fault, California, as measured from offset dike swarm: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 46, p. 85-104.

Smith, G.I., 1964, Geology and volcanic petrology of the Lava Mountains, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 457, p. 1-97.

Smith, G.I., and Ketner, K.B., 1970, Lateral displacement on the Garlock fault, southeastern California, suggested by offset sections of similar metasedimentary rocks: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 700-D, p. 1-9.

Smith, G.I., Troxel, B.W., Gray, C.H., Jr., and von Huene, R., 1968, Geologic reconnaissance of the Slate Range, San Bernardino and Inyo Counties, California: [California] Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 96, 1 sheet, scale 1:62,500.

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Troxel, B.W., Wright, L.A., and Jahns, R.H., 1972, Evidence for differential displacement along the Garlock fault zone, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 5, p. 250.

Wernicke, B., Axen, G.J., and Snow, J.K., 1988, Basin and Range extensional tectonics at the latitude of Las Vegas, Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 1738-1757.

Wills, C.J., 1989, Ground cracks along the Garlock fault zone in Fremont Valley, Kern County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-197, microfiche copy in California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 90-14, 7 p., scale 1:24,000.

Wills, C.J., 1989, Ground cracks near the Garlock fault in Searles Valley, San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-198, microfiche copy in California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 90-14, 6 p., scale 1:24,000.