PAGER - Common Building Types
Reinforced concrete frame with masonry infill walls
The main load-bearing system consists of low-rise reinforced concrete frame (columns and beams) with hollow clay tile, and masonry-infill walls. The roof structure consists of lightweight roofing (zinc and/or galvanized sheets) supported by I-shaped steel beams. The building's roof level is used as a terrace with a one-meter-high masonry parapet, which serves as a guardrail on the slab perimeter. This is a non-engineered construction, i.e., these buildings are constructed by the owners. Because of the lack of adequate detailing in the longitudinal and transverse steel reinforcement bars, beam-column connections are inadequate and do not provide the continuity required for adequate seismic performance. This is an urban housing construction type found in the Andean states of Venezuela. In some cities, e.g., Me'rida, this construction accounts for 40% of the total building stock.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #67) - Argimiro C. Gandica, Francisco L. Almansa
*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.