PAGER - Common Building Types

Syrian Arab Republic

Reinforced concrete frame with concrete shear walls - dual system

These buildings are characterized by a combination of shear walls and frames in both directions. The buildings are multiple housing units found in the main cities of Syria. The shear walls are often part of the elevator and service cores, whereas the frames are arranged in-plane, in conjunction with the walls, to support the floor system. Stiffness and mass distribution are irregular and the majority of buildings may experience soft-story or torsional problems. As a result, these buildings are expected to have only moderate seismic resistance.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #59) - Adel Awad, Hwaija Bassam, Isreb Talal

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Moment resisting frame designed for gravity loads only

These buildings are found in the main cities of Syria and represent modern construction practice followed for the last 50 years. The floor system is a two-way reinforced concrete slab, which spans between orthogonal sets of beams that transfer the load to the columns. The frames are designed to carry gravity loads only.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #60) - Adel Awad, Hwaija Bassam, Isreb Talal

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*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.