PAGER - Common Building Types

Palestine

Reinforced concrete frame with infill walls designed for gravity loading

This building type is usually found in cities of West Bank and less often in the Gaza Strip. The structural system consists of solid slabs (either one-way or two-way) with beams and columns. The columns are usually of rectangular cross-section. The beams may be either dropped (deep) or hidden. The infill walls in the external frames may consist of stone with plain concrete only, or stone with plain concrete and hollow block. Sometimes polystyrene of 2-cm thickness is added for isolation purposes. On the other hand, the internal infill walls consist only of concrete hollow blocks of 10 cm thickness but may be as thick as 15 or 20 cm. These walls are used and considered as partitions.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #48) - Jalal N. Al Dabbeek, Abdel H. W. Al-Jawhari

Building Image
Reinforced concrete frame with infill walls designed for gravity loading image
Reinforced concrete frame with infill walls designed for gravity loading image

Unreinforced concrete and masonry bearing wall construction

This building type is usually found in cities of the West Bank and less often in the Gaza Strip. It is a traditional, non-engineered, low-rise construction practice. The main lateral load-resisting system consists of bearing walls with unreinforced concrete strip foundation. The interior masonry walls consist of plain concrete (system #2) or two wythe stone masonry walls filled with plain concrete (system #1). The exterior bearing walls consist of stone masonry facing with a plain concrete backup. Wall thickness ranges from 400 to 500 mm in system #1 and 300 mm thickness in system #2. It is important to note that system #1 represents the old practice for bearing-wall construction while system #2 represents the new trend which was developed and used from the 1950s to the 1970s. This construction is not practiced at the present time.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #49) - Jalal N. Al Dabbeek, Abdel H. W. Al-Jawhari

Building Image
Unreinforced concrete and masonry bearing wall construction image
Unreinforced concrete and masonry bearing wall construction image

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*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.