PAGER - Common Building Types

Pakistan

Stone masonry construction

This is a single story residential construction commonly found in the Northern part of Pakistan. Different variants of stone masonry houses exist. An approximate distribution of common types of these buildings is: Stone masonry houses without mortar with earthen roof- 10%; Stone masonry houses in mud mortar with earthen roofs- 40%; Stone masonry houses in cement mortar with earthen roof-10%; Stone masonry houses in cement mortar with G.I.Sheet roof- 30%; and Stone masonry houses with R.C roofing-10%. In new construction mud mortar is steadily being replaced with cement mortar. Wall thickness in all cases usually varies from 1 to 1½ ft. Roofs are usually earthen and generally consist of thatch covered with mud/earth and supported on wooden beams (or logs) and rafters.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #138) - Qaisar Ali, Taj Muhammad

Building Image
Stone masonry construction image
Stone masonry construction image
Stone masonry construction image

Reinforced concrete frame with masonry infill

Due to the rapid urbanization of Pakistan in the recent past, and consequently the scarcity and inflated cost of land in the major cities, builders have been forced to resort to the construction of reinforced-concrete buildings both for commercial and residential purposes. It is estimated that reinforced-concrete buildings constitute 10-15% of the total building stock in the major cities of Pakistan and this percentage is on the rise. However, construction of reinforced concrete buildings in Pakistan is still in nascent stage with construction practices sometimes lack the compliance with the established construction procedures and standard.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #159) - Yasir Irfan Badrashi, Qaisar Ali, Mohammad Ashraf

Building Image
Reinforced concrete frame with masonry infill image
Reinforced concrete frame with masonry infill image

Unreinforced brick masonry construction

This is one or two-story unreinforced brick masonry wall with cast-in-place reinforced-concrete roof slab. This is a popular construction type in northern Pakistan. Similar residential buildings are also found in other cities of Pakistan, for example, in Islamabad and Lahore.

Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #12) - Qaisar Ali

Building Image
Unreinforced brick masonry construction  image
Unreinforced brick masonry construction  image
Unreinforced brick masonry construction  image

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*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.