PAGER - Common Building Types
Adobe walls with timber frame
The is a typical single family residential construction. The load bearing walls are made of adobe blocks with mud mortar. Roofing system consist of a light timber framing resting on walls and covered by corrugated iron sheeting. Adobe was preferred construction material in Nicaragua due to both affordability and accessibility, but it is slowly being replaced by concrete block and red fired brick.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #137) - Matthew A. French
Vivienda de Minifalda (Wooden houses with masonry wall skirting)
The term 'minifalda' (translated as 'miniskirt') refers to the building's walls which consist of masonry or concrete in the lower part, while the upper part is made of a light wood construction (also 'madera y concreto'). According to a recent population census carried out in 2005 (INEC, 2006), the total percentage of minifalda houses in Nicaragua was around 7% (8% in urban and 5.6% in rural areas). The structural system consists of a more stable and consolidated base made of concrete or masonry wall and a light and flexible upper portion made of light wood frame construction. Heavy clay tiles, corrugated iron sheets or asbeston sheets are used as roofing material.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #148) - Dominik Lang, Alvaro Amador, Lisa Holliday, Claudio Romero L, Armando Ugarte
*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.