PAGER - Common Building Types
Prefabricated large panel concrete buildings with two interior longitudinal walls
This is a typical urban residential construction type commonly found in the southern part of Kazakhstan. Typical buildings of this type are five to nine stories high. This is a prefabricated large panel construction typical for the post-Soviet Union. Large panel buildings with two interior longitudinal walls (to increase seismic resistance) were developed in Kazakhstan and were specifically designed for the areas of high seismic hazard. The load-bearing system consists of precast concrete walls and floor panels. All precast members are joined in a box-type structure by means of panel joints. Facade walls are usually made of two exterior layers of low-strength lightweight (ceramsite) concrete with good thermal insulation properties and the interior layer of normal-weight concrete. Large panel buildings of a similar construction (but with one longitudinal interior wall) existed in Armenia at the time of the 1988 Spitak earthquake and they remained undamaged, whereas other precast construction types (mainly concrete frame construction) had suffered significant damage and/or collapse.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #32) - Igor E. Itskov, Ashimbayev M. Umarbayevich, Nikolai B. Chernov
*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.