PAGER - Common Building Types
Single-family wooden house
Japan has a long tradition related to wood construction. The main building of the Horyuji-temple, which was constructed in the late 7th century, is the oldest existing wooden structure in the world. Most Japanese housing is of wood construction. In 1993, 68.1% of the 45.8 million units of housing stock consisted of wooden structures. In 1995, the percentage of wooden structures in newly constructed housing was 45.5%. The Hanshin Awaji earthquake disaster in 1995 damaged many wooden structures, especially housing that was constructed according to the pre-1980 building code.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #86) - Norio Maki, Satoshi Tanaka
*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.