PAGER - Common Building Types
Concrete shear wall construction
These buildings are characterized mainly by cast-in-place, load-bearing, reinforced-concrete shear walls in both principal directions. The buildings are usually multiple housing units found in the major urban areas of Colombia, especially in the Andean and Caribbean regions. They represent about 2-3% of the housing stock in the cities with a population between one and seven million. These buildings typically have seven to 20 stories, generally with a cast-in-place reinforced-concrete floor slab system. In general, the newer buildings of this type have good seismic performance because of strength and stiffness of shear walls, regular mass distribution in height, and symmetrical plan configurations. Poor seismic detailing can be found for buildings constructed after the first Colombian Seismic Code in 1984.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #109) - Luis G. Mej, Juan C. Ortiz R., Laura I. Osorio G.
Unreinforced brick masonry construction
This type of construction is common in both urban and rural parts of Colombia. It is widespread in the following provinces of the Andean region of Colombia: Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio, Tolima and Valle, where it constitutes approximately 60% of the housing stock. It has demonstrated poor seismic performance in several Colombian earthquakes.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #10) - Luis G. Mej
Reinforced concrete frame designed for gravity loads
This type of construction is common in urban areas of Colombia where it may constitute nearly 60% of the housing stock. Usage of poor quality of material, design and construction practice, and absense of seismic structural detailing can attribute to increased vulnerability.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #11) - Luis G. Mej
Clay brick/concrete block masonry walls with concrete floors
This is a typical multi-family housing construction found in urban areas of Colombia. It is a modern construction practice and represents approximately 50% of the housing stock for medium-rise (4- to 6-story high) buildings constructed in the last 25 years. Majority of buildings of this type found in rural areas are one or two story high.
Reference: EERI and IAEE\'s World Housing Encyclopedia (Report #12) - Luis G. Mej
*Building types and their descriptions are taken from the World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) database when available or based on additional research performed by the PAGER team. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.