Seismic Network Operations


San Pablo, Spain

IU PAB commences operations on: 1992,294

Country Flag
Host: National Geographical Institute
Latitude: 39.545
Longitude: -4.35
Elevation: 950
Datalogger: Q330
Broadband: STS-1VBB_w/E300
Accelerometer: FBA_ES-T_EpiSensor_Accelerometer
Telemetry Status at the NEIC: Last Data In Less Than 10 Minutes
Station Photo Station Photo Station Photo 

Vault Condition: The seismometers are located in a tunnel approximately 60 feet from the entrance. The vault has concrete walls with an arched ceiling. Piers are isolated from the concrete floor and are attached to bedrock.

Site Geology: The rock is granite, and there are about 3 meters of overburden.

Location CodeChannel CodeInstrumentFlagsSample RateDipAzimuthDepth
20LNZFBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerCG1.00-
20HNZFBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerTG100.00-
10VHZSTS-2 High-gainCG0.10-
10LHZSTS-2 High-gainCG1.00-
10HHZSTS-2 High-gainTG100.00-
10BHZSTS-2 High-gainCG40.00-
00VHZSTS-1VBB w/E300CG0.10-
00LHZSTS-1VBB w/E300CG1.00-
00BHZSTS-1VBB w/E300CG20.00-
20LN2FBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerCG1.000.0090.000.00
20LN1FBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerCG1.
20HN2FBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerTG100.000.0090.000.00
20HN1FBA ES-T EpiSensor AccelerometerTG100.
10LH2STS-2 High-gainCG1.000.0090.000.00
10LH1STS-2 High-gainCG1.
10VH2STS-2 High-gainCG0.100.0090.000.00
10VH1STS-2 High-gainCG0.
10HH2STS-2 High-gainTG100.000.0090.000.00
10HH1STS-2 High-gainTG100.
10BH2STS-2 High-gainCG40.000.0090.000.00
10BH1STS-2 High-gainCG40.
00VH2STS-1VBB w/E300CG0.100.0090.000.00
00VH1STS-1VBB w/E300CG0.
00LH2STS-1VBB w/E300CG1.000.0090.000.00
00LH1STS-1VBB w/E300CG1.
00BH2STS-1VBB w/E300CG20.000.0090.000.00
00BH1STS-1VBB w/E300CG20.
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As part of the annual calibration process, the USGS runs a sequence that includes a random, a step, and several sine wave calibrations.  The USGS analyzes the random binary calibration signal in order to estimate the instrument response.  The figures below show the results from the analysis of the most recent processed calibration at the station.

We use an iterative three-step method to estimate instrument response parameters (poles, zeros, sensitivity and gain) and their associated errors using random calibration signals. First, we solve a coarse non-linear inverse problem using a least squares grid search to yield a first approximation to the solution. This approach reduces the likelihood of poorly estimated parameters (a local-minimum solution) caused by noise in the calibration records and enhances algorithm convergence. Second, we iteratively solve a non-linear parameter estimation problem to obtain the least squares best-fit Laplace pole/zero/gain model. Third, by applying the central limit theorem we estimate the errors in this pole/zero model by solving the inverse problem at each frequency in a 2/3rds-octave band centered at each best-fit pole/zero frequency. This procedure yields error estimates of the 99% confidence interval.

LocChanCal DateEpoch-SpanGradeAmp Nominal Error (dB)Amp Best Fit Error (dB)Phase Nominal Error (degree)Phase Best Fit Error (degree)SensorCal Type
00BHZ2012:034 2011:238 to No Ending TiA0.0172580.00896040.136460.12963 STS1VBBE3Random
00BH22012:034 2011:238 to No Ending TiA0.0215630.00870760.149810.1947 STS1VBBE3Random
00BH12012:034 2011:238 to No Ending TiA0.0705660.0209950.277760.28268 STS1VBBE3Random
10BHZ2012:035 2011:239 to No Ending TiA0.0147730.0144020.100940.097124 STS-2-HGRandom
  1. Current Issues
    The ?H2 component is showing LP pulsing.
  2. 2009-08-21
    Upgraded to Q330 digitizer.