Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS), ShakeMap, Global Region, Maps of ground shaking and intensity for event 200102110233, GUJARAT, INDIA

Metadata also available as - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:

Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Geological Survey and the U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20010211
Publication_Time: 023323
Title:
Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS), ShakeMap, Global Region, Maps of ground shaking and intensity for event 200102110233, GUJARAT, INDIA
Edition: Map Version 1.1; Code Version 3.2.1 GSM
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Map
Online_Linkage: <http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/shakemap>

Description:
Abstract:
ShakeMap is designed as a rapid response tool to portray the extent and variation of ground shaking throughout the affected region immediately following significant earthquakes. Ground motion and intensity maps are derived from peak ground motion amplitudes recorded on seismic sensors (accelerometers), with interpolation based on both estimated amplitudes where data are lacking, and site amplification corrections. Color-coded instrumental intensity maps are derived from empirical relations between peak ground motions and Modified Mercalli intensity. This ShakeMap describes the event: 200102110233, GUJARAT, INDIA
Purpose:
As a rapid response tool, the ShakeMap ground motion values are used for emergency response, loss estimation, assessment of damage to the lifeline and utility networks, and for providing information to the general public.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20010211
Time_of_Day: 023323

Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed

Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 69.214
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 72.131
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.698
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.948

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: ShakeMap
Theme_Keyword: peak ground motions
Theme_Keyword: shaking intensity
Theme_Keyword: instrumental intensity
Theme_Keyword: earthquake damage
Theme_Keyword: Advanced National Seismic Systems (ANSS)
Theme_Keyword: US Geological Survey
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Global


Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: ShakeMap Working Group
Contact_Person: David J. Wald
Contact_Position: Geophysicist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: N/A
City: N/A
State_or_Province: N/A
Postal_Code: N/A
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: N/A
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: N/A
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: N/A

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/intensity.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Instrumental Intensity ShakeMap within a web page; all other ShakeMap maps and products can be accessed from this site. Typically the image itself is 600x400 pixels and about 100k bytes in size.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wald, D.J.
Originator: Quitoriano, V.
Originator: Heaton, T.H.
Originator: Kanamori, H.
Originator: Scrivner, C.W.
Originator: Worden, C.B.
Title:
TriNet "ShakeMaps": rapid generation of instrumental ground motion and intensity maps for earthquakes in Southern California
Publication_Date: 1999
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Earthquake Spectra
Issue_Identification: Vol. 15, No. 3
Other_Citation_Details: pp 537-556
Online_Linkage:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/about.html#references>

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wald, D.J.
Originator: Quitoriano, V.
Originator: Heaton, T.H.
Originator: Kanamori, H.
Title:
Relationship between Peak Ground Acceleration, Peak Ground Velocity, and Modified Mercalli Intensity for Earthquakes in California
Publication_Date: 1999
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Earthquake Spectra
Issue_Identification: Vol. 15, No. 3
Other_Citation_Details: pp 557-564
Online_Linkage:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/about.html#references>

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wald, D.J.
Originator: Worden, C.B.
Originator: Quitoriano, V.
Originator: Pankow, K.
Title: ShakeMap Manual
Publication_Date: 2003
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey [Open File Report]
Issue_Identification: [ZZZ-03]
Other_Citation_Details: [160 pp]


Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Slight variations in peak ground motions and spectral values may depend on processing. Corrections or changes in station and amplitude information are reflected by the authoritative seismic network. In addition, changes in magnitude may result in changes to estimated ground motions in areas with sparse seismic station coverage.
Completeness_Report:
Included in this version are data available up to the time processed. Additional data (seismic stations) may be added at a later time.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Ground motion data are direct measurements only at the location of seismic stations; all other data are interpolated (as described in the citations). Seismic station coverage varies in density as well as instrumentation across the region in question. Uncertainty in the reported ground motions generally increases with distance from seismic stations, and in areas of very low station density may be largely the product of empirical relationships. Uncertainties in ground motions may also arise from inaccurate ground motion amplitudes from seismic stations, or inaccurate information regarding earthquake epicenter or magnitude, as reported by the generating network.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Shaking maps are prepared by contouring shaking information interpolated onto a square grid uniformly sampled at a spacing of 1 minute (about 1.6 km) throughout California. If there were stations at each of the tens of thousands of grid points, then the creation of shaking maps would be relatively simple. Of course stations are not available for all of these grid points, and in many cases grid points may be tens of kilometers from the nearest reporting station. The overall mapping philosophy is to combine information from individual stations, geology (representing site amplification), and the distance to the epicenter or causative fault to create the best composite map. The procedure produces reasonable estimates at grid points located far from available data, while preserving the detailed shaking information available for regions where there are stations nearby.
Estimation of shaking over the regional extent for an earthquake in California is obtained by the spatial interpolation of the measured ground motions with geologically based frequency and amplitude-dependent site corrections. We use the California Site Condition Map (California Geological Survey, CGS) maps of National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) classification site conditions as the basis for our site corrections. These site condition maps have coverage throughout the state at 1:250,000 scale (Wills et al., 2000). We use the amplification factors of Borcherdt et al. (1994). In addition, ShakeMap ground motions in regions of sparse station spacing are estimated using ground motion regression, initially from a point location at the epicenter. Later, as information about fault dimensions became available (in the form of aftershocks, source rupture models, and observed surface slip), the fault location and rupture dimensions are used as the basis for ground motion estimation.
First, peak ground motion parameters are recovered for each station and associated with a particular earthquake origin time and epicenter. We then create a coarse, uniformly spaced grid of 30-km spaced "phantom" stations. Peak ground motions and spectral acceleration values are assigned to each coarse grid point using a ground motion attenuation relationship for rock sites given the magnitude of the earthquake and distance to each grid point. In practice, we apply a static correction to the amplitudes of the regression by using the network-determined magnitude, predicting the observed amplitudes, and correcting for an amplitude bias term between the predictions and the data.

Site corrections are then used to interpolate from ground motions recorded on a fairly sparse, non-uniformly spaced network of stations to maps showing spatially continuous functions (i.e., contours). Prior to interpolation, we reduce the ground motion amplitudes to a common reference, in this case bedrock motions. Peak ground motion amplitudes from the seismic stations are corrected to rock site conditions; and the observations (corrected to rock) and the coarse phantom stations (computed for rock) are then interpolated to a fine rock site grid (roughly 1.6-km spacing). We scale the peak acceleration (PGA) amplitude with the Borcherdt et al. (1994) short-period amplification factors while the peak ground velocity (PGV) values are corrected with the mid-period factors. Response spectral values are scaled by the short-period factors at 0.3 sec, and by the mid-period response at 1.0 and 3.0 seconds. The site correction procedure is applied so that the original data values are returned at each station; hence, the actual recorded motions are preserved in the process and the final contours reflect the observations wherever they exist.
Next, the interpolated rock grid is corrected at each point for local site amplification and instrumental intensity map is generated by relating the peak ground acceleration or velocity at each grid point to intensity as described by Wald et al. (1999). This fine grid is saved and exported to the file "grid.xyz". A continuous surface is also fit to the fine grid to produce the contour maps and GIS formatted maps.
Process_Date: 20010211
Process_Time: 023323


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.083
Longitude_Resolution: 0.083
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS 84
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
File grid.xyz
Values of the peak amplitudes at the ShakeMap map grid nodes. File is ASCII text in the following format:
First line is a header, space-delimited, with all of the following:
<name/CUSPID of event> <mag> <epicentral lat> <epicentral lon>
<MMM DD YYYY> <HH:MM:SS timezone>
<W bound> <S bound> <E bound> <N bound>
(Process time: <time>) <Location String>
The first 'time' field is the time of the event. 'Process time' is the time this file was last updated.
For large or historic earthquakes the "Location String" will usually be the name of the earthquake, otherwise it will be something of the form "12.1 mi. SSW of Carpinteria, CA"
The remaining lines are of the form:
<lon> <lat> <pga> <pgv> <mmi> <psa03> <psa10> <psa30>
pga   = peak ground motion (acceleration, as percent of g)
pgv   = peak ground motion (velocity in cm/s)
mmi   = estimated instrumental intensity
psa03 = spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping (percent of g)
psa10 = spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping (percent of g)
psa30 = spectral acceleration at 3.0 s period, 5% damping (percent of g)
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/about_formats.html#xyz>
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
File grid.xml
Specifies the earthquake and ShakeMap parameters, and values of the peak amplitudes at the ShakeMap map grid nodes. File is XML text.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/about_formats.html#xml>
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: mmi.dbf (shapefile from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of estimated instrumental intensity
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition: Estimated instrumental intensity (double)
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Wald, et al., Relationship between Peak Ground Acceleration, Peak Ground Velocity, and Modified Mercalli Intensity for Earthquakes in California, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1999, pp 557-564.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 10.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Intensity
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition: Estimated instrumental intensity (double)
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Wald, et al., Relationship between Peak Ground Acceleration, Peak Ground Velocity, and Modified Mercalli Intensity for Earthquakes in California, Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1999, pp 557-564.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 10.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Intensity
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.1
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: pga.dbf (shapefile from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of peak ground motion (acceleration)
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition: Peak ground motion (acceleration, as integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -200.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 200.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition: Peak ground motion (acceleration, as fraction of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -200.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 200.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: pgv.dbf (shapefile from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of peak ground motion (velocity)
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition: Peak ground motion (velocity in cm/s, integer)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -500.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 500.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cm/s
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition: Peak ground motion (velocity in cm/s, double)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -500.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 500.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cm/s
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: psa03.dbf (shapefile (from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping (integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping (fraction of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: psa10.dbf (shapefile from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping (integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping (fraction of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: psa30.dbf (shapefile from "shape.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition: Polygons of spectral acceleration at 3.0 s period, 5% damping
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 3.0 s period, 5% damping (integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 2
Range_Domain_Maximum: 34
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Spectral acceleration at 3.0 s period, 5% damping (fraction of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04

Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: pga.dbf (shapefile from "hazus.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition:
Polygons of "mean" ground motion (acceleration), scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition: Mean ground motion (acceleration, as integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -200.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 200.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition: Mean ground motion (acceleration, as fraction of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -200.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 200.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: pgv.dbf (shapefile (from "hazus.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition:
Polygons of "mean" ground motion (velocity), scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition: Mean ground motion (velocity in inches/sec, integer)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -200.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 200.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cm/s
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 2
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition: Mean ground motion (velocity in inches/s, double)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -500.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 500.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cm/s
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 2.0
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: psa03.dbf (shapefile from "hazus.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition:
Polygons of "mean" spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping, scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition:
Mean Spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping (integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Mean spectral acceleration at 0.3 s period, 5% damping (fraction of g), scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: psa10.dbf (shapefile from "hazus.zip" download file)
Entity_Type_Definition:
Polygons of mean spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping, scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GRID_CODE
Attribute_Definition:
Mean spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping (integer percent of g)
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 4
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
Mean spectral acceleration at 1.0 s period, 5% damping (fraction of g), scaled from recorded peak values by 15% (empirical correction from peak to mean) to conform to HAZUS input requirements.
Attribute_Definition_Source: self-evident
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -400.0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400.0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: fraction of g
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.04


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
United States Geological Survey, Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS)
Contact_Person: David J Wald
Contact_Position: Geophysicist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: P.O. Box 25046
City: Lakewood
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 303-273-8441
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 273-8600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wald@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Shakemap data for 200102110233
Distribution_Liability:
Some USGS information accessed through this page may be preliminary in nature and presented prior to final review and approval by the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete, and conclusions drawn from such information are the sole responsibility of the user.
These are automatic computer generated maps and have not necessarily been checked by human oversight, so they may contain errors. Further, the input data is raw and unchecked, and may contain errors.
Contours can be misleading since data gaps may exist. Caution should be used in deciding which features in the contour patterns are required by the data. Ground motions and intensities can vary greatly over small distances, so these maps are only approximate; when maps are enlarged beyond the limits of the original data in an effort to show small areas, the maps are unreliable.
These maps are preliminary in nature and will be updated as data arrives from distributed sources.
The estimated intensity map is derived from ground motions recorded by seismographs and represents Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMI's) that are likely to have been associated with the ground motions. Unlike conventional Modified Mercalli Intensities, the estimated intensities are not based on observations of the earthquake effects on people or structures.
Locations within the same intensity area will not necessarily experience the same level of damage since damage depends heavily on the type of structure, the nature of the construction, and the details of the ground motion at that site. For this reason more or less damage than described in the MMI scale may occur.
Large earthquakes can generate very long-period ground motions that can cause damage at great distances from the epicenter; although the intensity estimated from the ground motions may be small, significant effects to large structures (bridges, tall buildings, storage tanks) may be notable.
The ground motion levels and descriptions associated with each intensity value are based on recent damaging earthquakes. There may be revisions in these parameters as more data become available or from further improvements in methodology.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ESRI shapefile
Format_Information_Content: Ground shaking intensity, acceleration, and velocity contours
File_Decompression_Technique: unzip
Transfer_Size: 2 megabytes
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/download/shape.zip>
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/download/hazus.zip>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Text
Format_Version_Number: 1.0
Format_Specification:
Within lines, values are delimited by spaces.
First line is a header containing <name/CUSPID of event> <mag> <epicentral lat> <epicentral lon> <MMM DD YYYY> <HH:MM:SS timezone> <W bound> <S bound> <E bound> <N bound> (Process time: <time>) <Location String>
The remaining lines contain <lon> <lat> <pga> <pgv> <mmi> <psa03> <psa10> <psa30>
Format_Information_Content: Ground-shaking intensity and acceleration data
File_Decompression_Technique: unzip
Transfer_Size: 0.5 megabytes
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://earthquake.usgs.gov/shakemap/global/shake/200102110233/download/grid.xyz.zip>
Fees: none


Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20010211

Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, GEO-CR-GHT
Contact_Person: David J. Wald
Contact_Position: Geophysicist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address:
U.S. Geological Survey P.O. Box 25046, Mail Stop 966
City: Denver
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80225-0046
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (303) 273-8441
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 273-8600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wald@usgs.gov

Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

Generated by mp version 2.9.2 on Thu Nov 6 21:12:03 2008