Magnitude 7.8 - NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA

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2010 April 06 22:15:02 UTC

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Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude7.8
Date-Time
Location 2.360°N, 97.132°E
Depth31 km (19.3 miles) set by location program
RegionNORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
Distances200 km (125 miles) WNW of Sibolga, Sumatra, Indonesia
215 km (135 miles) SW of Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia
515 km (320 miles) W of KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia
1425 km (880 miles) NW of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia
Location Uncertaintyhorizontal +/- 4.8 km (3.0 miles); depth fixed by location program
ParametersNST=240, Nph=240, Dmin=317.9 km, Rmss=1.08 sec, Gp= 29°,
M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
Source
  • USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event IDus2010utc5
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Earthquake Summary

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Earthquake Summary Poster

Tectonic Summary

Seismic Hazard figure

RELATIVE PLATE MOTIONS
The broad red vectors represents the motion of the Australia Plate relative to the Sunda Plate in the region. The motion of the Australia Plate is generally 50-66 mm/yr northward with respect to the Sunda Plate in the southern region, but diminishes to 40-50 mm/yr towards the north.

The Banyak Islands, Sumatra earthquake of April 6, 2010 occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction interface plate boundary between the Australia-India and Sunda plates. At the location of this earthquake, the Australia and India Plates move north-northeast with respect to the Sunda plate at a velocity of approximately 60-65 mm/yr. On the basis of the currently available fault mechanism information and earthquake depth, it is likely that this earthquake occurred along the plate interface.

The subduction zone surrounding the immediate region of this event last slipped during the Mw 8.6 earthquake of March 2005, and today's event appears to have occurred within the rupture zone of that earthquake. Today's earthquake is the latest in a sequence of large ruptures along the Sunda megathrust, including two M 7.4 earthquakes beneath Simeulue 125 km to the north in 2002 and 2008; a M 9.1 earthquake that ruptured to within 125 km north of this earthquake in 2004; a M 8.5 375 km to the south in 2007; and a M 7.5 260 km to the south near Padang in 2009.

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