Magnitude 7.3 - FIJI
2009 November 09 10:44:54 UTC
- This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
|Depth||585.1 km (363.6 miles)|
|Distances||100 km (65 miles) N of SUVA, Viti Levu, Fiji|
135 km (85 miles) SW of Lambasa, Vanua Levu, Fiji
485 km (300 miles) NW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
2205 km (1370 miles) N of Auckland, New Zealand
|Location Uncertainty||horizontal +/- 7 km (4.3 miles); depth +/- 9 km (5.6 miles)|
|Parameters||NST=194, Nph=194, Dmin=69.4 km, Rmss=0.95 sec, Gp= 54°,|
M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
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The Fiji earthquake of 9 November 2009 occurred at the northern end of the inclined seismic zone that dips to the west beneath Tonga and Fiji. The broad-scale tectonics of the earthquake region are dominated by the relative convergence of the Pacific and Australia plates. The inclined seismic zone lies within the Pacific plate, which subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga trench. At the latitude of the earthquake, the Pacific plate moves westward with respect to the interior of the Australia plate at a velocity of about 86 mm/y.
The earthquake occurred in response to stresses generated by slow distortion of the Pacific plate, rather than on the thrust fault that constitutes the interface between the Australia and Pacific plates and which is seismically active near the earth's surface. The Pacific plate is active to depths of about 700 km in the region of the earthquake.
Earthquakes that have focal depths greater than 300 km are commonly termed "deep-focus" earthquakes. Deep-focus earthquakes cause less damage on the ground surface above their foci than is the case with similar magnitude shallow-focus earthquakes, but large deep-focus earthquakes may be felt at great distance from their epicenters. The largest recorded deep-focus earthquake had a magnitude of 8.2
Scientific & Technical Information
The earthquake locations and magnitudes cited in NOAA tsunami statements and bulletins are preliminary and are superseded by USGS locations and magnitudes computed using more extensive data sets.
General Tsunami Information
- Preliminary Earthquake Report
- U.S. Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center:
World Data Center for Seismology, Denver