Finite-fault Slip Model
Preliminary Result for the 05/10/08 PAKISTAN Earthquake
Chen Ji, UCSB
DATA Process and Inversion
We used the GSN broadband data downloaded from the NEIC data center. We analyzed 11 teleseismic P waveforms and 9 SH waveforms selected based upon data quality and azimuthal distribution. Waveforms are first converted to displacement by removing the instrument response and then used to constrain the slip history based on a finite fault inverse algorithm (Ji et al, 2002). We use the hypocenter of the USGS (Lon.=34.432, deg.; Lat.=73.537 deg.). The fault planes are defined using the quick moment tensor solution of the NEIC_POLET.
After comparing the waveform fits based on two planes, we find that the nodal plane
(strike=333 deg., dip=37 deg.) fits the data better. The seismic moment release based upon this plane is
2.1x10**27 dyne.cm using a 1D crustal model interpolated from CRUST2.0 (Bassin et al., 2000).
Cross-section of slip distribution
Figure: The big black arrow shows the fault's strike. The colors show the slip amplitude and white arrows indicate the direction of motion of the hanging wall relative to the footwall. Contours show the rupture initiation time and the red star indicates the hypocenter location.
Comparison of data and synthetic seismograms
Figure: The Data are shown in black and the synthetic seismograms are plotted in red. Both data and synthetic seismograms are aligned on the P or SH arrivals. The number at the end of each trace is the peak amplitude of the observation in micro-meter. The number above the beginning of each trace is the source azimuth and below it is the epicentral distance.
Figure: Surface projection of the slip distribution supperimposed on topography and bathymetry map ETOPO2. The ocean is plotted in blue and land is plotted in green. The black line indicates the plate boundary.
The slip distribution is dependent on the depth of hypocenter.
Download (Slip Distribution, Not available yet)
Ji, C., D.J. Wald, and D.V. Helmberger, Source description of the 1999 Hector Mine, California earthquake; Part I: Wavelet domain inversion theory and resolution analysis, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., Vol 92, No. 4. pp. 1192-1207, 2002.
Bassin, C., Laske, G. and Masters, G., The Current Limits of Resolution for Surface Wave Tomography in North America, EOS Trans AGU, 81, F897, 2000.
Acknowledgement and Contact Information
This work is supported by both Tectonic Observatory (TO) of California Institute of Technology and National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) of United States Geological Survey. This web page is built and maintained by Dr. C. Ji at Caltech.