Significant Earthquakes of the World

1978



                                        SIGNIFICANT EARTHQUAKES OF THE WORLD, 1978


Earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 or greater or ones that caused fatalities, injuries or substantial damage.
   BRK--Berkeley, LPZ--La Paz, PAL--Palisades, PAS--Pasadena, TRI--Trieste.

 DATE    ORIGIN TIME     GEOGRAPHIC      DEPTH  MAGNITUDE  REGION,  ADDITIONAL  MAGNITUDES  AND  COMMENTS
            UTC         COORDINATES                 
         HR MN SEC     LAT       LONG


JAN 14   03:24:39.0  34.81 N  139.26 E     14      6.7     Near the South coast of Honshu, Japan
                                                           6.2mb(GS) 6.6MS(GS) 6.7MS(PAS) 6.5MS(BRK) 
                                                           21 killed, 119 injured and 4 people reported missing. Damage
                                                           (V JMA) on Oshima and at Yokohama. Felt in Honshu, Shikoku
                                                           and Hokkaido. Local Tsunami observed (35 cm) on Oshima and
                                                           (12 cm) at Tateyama.

JAN 25   23:18:58.6   5.34 S  151.68 E     44      6.6     New Britain region, PNG
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.4MS(GS) 6.6MS(BRK) 6.4MS(PAS) 6.9mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (VII) at Open Bay and (V) at Trabaul.

JAN 27   07:22:08.3  13.46 N  144.82 E     41      5.2     Mariana Islands
                                                           5.2mb(GS) 5.2MS(GS) 
                                                           Damage (VII) on Guam.

FEB 09   21:35:12.7  30.68 S  177.36 W     33      7.7     Kermadec Islands
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 7.2MS(GS) 7.7MS(BRK) 7.2MS(PAS) 

FEB 11   00:05:23.0  30.42 S  177.12 W     33      6.7     Kermadec Islands
                                                           5.5mb(GS) 6.6MS(GS) 6.7MS(BRK) 6.6MS(PAS) 

FEB 15   03:17:37.3  39.69 S   39.79 E     33      4.8     Turkey
                                                           4.8mb(GS) 4.5MS(GS) 
                                                           20 injured, 500 homes destroyed in the Erzincan area, and 25
                                                           homes damaged at Pulumur. Also felt strongly in the Tunceli
                                                           area.

FEB 20   04:36:58.1  38.79 N  141.05 E     60      6.1     Near east coast of Honshu, Japan
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.1MS(BRK) 6.0MS(PAS) 
                                                           30 reported injured, damage and landslides in the Ofunato
                                                           area. Intensity (V JMA). Felt (IV JMA) in the areas of
                                                           Ishinomaki, Mito, and Morioka. Also felt strongly in large
                                                           areas of northern Honshu.

FEB 22   06:07:37.0  14.25 N   91.38 W    100      6.1     Guatemala
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 6.4mb(BRK) 6.3mb(PAS) 
                                                           2 persons killed; damage reported in the areas of Coatepeque,
                                                           and Mirian; and landslides reported in Antigua. Also felt
                                                           (IV) in El Salvador.

MAR 07   02:48:47.6  32.01 N  137.61 E    439      7.0     South of Honshu, Japan
                                                           7.0mb(GS) 6.9mb(BRK) 7.0mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (IV JAM) at Utsunomiya and (III JMA) in central and
                                                           northern Honshu and on Chichijima. Also felt (II JMA) on
                                                           Oshima and (I JMA) on Hokkaido and Shikoku.

MAR 11   19:20:49.1  38.10 N   16.03 E     33      5.6     Southern Italy
                                                           5.6mb(GS) 5.0MS(GS) 
                                                           2 killed, several injured, and considerable damage in
                                                           southwestern Italy.

MAR 11   19:20:49.1  38.10 N   16.03 E     33      5.6     Southern Italy
                                                           5.6mb(GS) 5.0MS(GS) 
                                                           2 killed, several injured, and considerable damage in
                                                           southwestern Italy.

MAR 15   22:04:40.1  26.42 N  140.56 E    263      6.7     Bonin Islands region
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.7mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (IV JMA) on Chichijima, (II JMA) at Tokyo, and (I JMA)
                                                           at Obihiro, Choshi, Tateyama, and Yokohama, Japan.

MAR 16   02:00:00.5  29.93 N   66.30 E     33      5.9     Pakistan
                                                           5.3mb(GS) 5.9MS(GS) 
                                                           1 killed and considerable damage in the Nushki area. Felt
                                                           (II) at Quetta. Also felt at Peshawar.

MAR 19   01:39:14.0  17.03 N   99.74 W     36      6.6     Near coast of Guerrero, Mexico
                                                           5.8mb(GS) 6.4MS(GS) 6.6 MS(PAS) 
                                                           1 person killed, 25 injured, and damage reported in Acapulco.
                                                           Felt strongly in central Mexico.

MAR 22   00:50:32.2  44.03 N  149.00 E     33      6.7     Kuril Islands region
                                                           6.3mb(GS) 6.7MS(GS) 6.5MS(PAS) 6.4MS(BRK) 
                                                           Felt (IV) at Kurilsk and (I JMA) at Nemuro.

MAR 23   00:31:02.1  44.21 N  148.97 E     46      6.8     Kuril Islands
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.8MS(GS) 6.6MS(BRK) 6.5MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (V) at Kurilsk. Felt (II JMA) in Nemuro-Hirou area,
                                                           Hokkaido and at Aomuri, Honshu. Also felt (I JMA) at
                                                           Hachinohe, Honshu.

MAR 23   03:15:20.3  44.93 N  148.44 E     33      7.5     Kuril Islands
                                                           6.4mb(GS) 7.5MS(GS) 7.3MS(BRK) 7.2MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (VI) at Kurilsk and (III JMA) at Kushiro, Hokkaido. Also
                                                           felt (II JMA) in Nemuro-Urakawa area, Hoddaido and at Aomori,
                                                           Honshu. Small tsunami reported with wave heights (center to
                                                           peak) 25 cm at Yuzhno-Kurilsk and 24 cm at Nemuro, Hokkaido.

MAR 23   19:12:23.6  44.34 N  149.74 E     33      6.8     Kuril Islands
                                                           6.0mb(GS) 6.8MS(GS) 6.6MS(PAS) 6.9mb(PAS) 6.4MS(BRK) 

MAR 24   00:42:36.3  29.80 N   67.40 W     20      6.1     North Atlantic Ocean
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 5.8MS(GS) 6.1MS(BRK) 6.0MS(PAS) 6.3mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt on Bermuda. Also reported felt at Boston, Massachusetts
                                                           and in parts of North Carolina.

MAR 24   19:47:50.7  44.24 N  148.86 E     33      7.6     Kuril Islands
                                                           6.5mb(GS) 7.6MS(GS) 7.5MS(PAS) 7.2MS(BRK) 
                                                           Felt (IV) at Kurilsk and (III JMA) in Nemuro-Hiroo-Obihiro
                                                           area, Hokkaido. Also felt (II JMA) in southwestern Hokkaido
                                                           and northern Honshu. Felt (I JMA) in northern Hokkaido. Small
                                                           tsunami reported along SE coast of Hokkaido, with the
                                                           following wave heights (in cm center to peak): 23 at Nemuro,
                                                           14 at Kushiro, and 10 at Hiroo.

MAR 24   21:05:48.2  42.84 N   78.61 E     33      7.1     Kyrgyzstan
                                                           6.2mb(GS) 7.1MS(GS) 
                                                           Damage (VIII) in northeastern Kirgiz SSR. Seiche on Lake
                                                           Issyk-kul. Felt (VII) at Przhevalsk and (VI) at Alma-ata and
                                                           Frunze. Also felt (III) at Andizhan and (II) at Tashkent.

APR 10   20:52:18.9  11.36 S  116.69 E     33      6.7     South of Sumbawa Island
                                                           6.7mb(GS) 6.4MS(GS) 6.4MS(PAS) 6.8mb(PAS) 6.2MS(BRK) 
                                                           Felt (III) on Bali. 

APR 12   03:42:03.5  56.42 N  152.69 W     14      6.6     Kodiak Island region
                                                           6.0mb(GS) 6.6MS(GS) 6.5MS(BRK) 6.3MS(PAS) 6.6mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt strongly on Kodiak. 

APR 13   18:05:25.8  43.27 N   20.92 E     33      4.9     Yugoslavia
                                                           4.8mb(GS) 5.7MS(GS) 4.9ML(ATH) 
                                                           Considerable damage reported in the Brus area, felt (IV) at
                                                           Belgrade.

APR 15   23:33:47.2  38.39 N   15.07 E     14      5.7     Sicily
                                                           5.5mb(GS) 5.7MS(GS) 
                                                           5 persons killed and 400 houses damaged. 

MAY 23   07:50:28.2  31.06 N  130.14 E    165      6.3     Kyushu, Japan
                                                           6.3mb(GS) 6.4mb(BRK) 6.6mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (IV JMA) at Miyazaki, Kyushu and Naze, Ryukyu Islands.
                                                           Felt (III JMA) in southern and eastern Kyushu, on
                                                           Tanega-shima, and in southwestern Shikoku. Also felt (II JMA)
                                                           in Hiroshima-Okayama area, Honshu.

MAY 23   23:34:11.4  40.76 N   23.29 E     10      5.4     Greece
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 5.6MS(GS) 5.4ML(ATH) 
                                                           2 people injured and damage in Thessaloniki-Kavalla area.
                                                           Felt (IV) in southeastern Yugoslavia. Also felt in
                                                           southwestern Bulgaria.

MAY 24   06:16:55.4  51.23 N  179.21 W     25      6.7     Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands
                                                           6.0mb(GS) 6.7MS(GS) 6.4MS(BRK) 6.2MS(PAS) 6.4mb(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (IV) on Adak.

MAY 26   23:58:22.0  24.27 N  142.66 E     33      6.8     Volcano Islands region
                                                           5.8mb(GS) 6.8MS(GS) 6.5MS(BRK) 6.8MS(PAS) 

JUN 03   20:03:52.5  35.10 N  132.60 E      4      5.2     Southern Honshu, Japan
                                                           5.2mb(GS) 4.9MS(GS) 
                                                           JMA Depth 0 km. 1 person injured, and damage (IV JMA) in
                                                           southern Honshu. Felt (III JMA) on Shikoku.

JUN 12   08:14:26.4  38.19 N  142.03 E     44      7.7     Near east coast of Honshu, Japan
                                                           6.8mb(GS) 7.7MS(GS) 7.2MS(BRK) 7.5MS(PAS) 
                                                           22 killed, 421 injured, and extensive damage in the Sendai
                                                           area. Felt (V JMA) in many cities in central and northern
                                                           Honshu.

JUN 14   12:32:33.9   8.25 N  122.40 E     24      6.9     Mindanao, Philippine Islands
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.9MS(GS) 6.7MS(BRK) 6.6MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt strongly at Zamboanga. 

JUN 17   15:11:33.5  17.10 S  172.26 W     33      7.2     Tonga Islands region
                                                           6.6mb(GS) 7.0MS(GS) 7.2MS(BRK) 

JUN 19   10:31:05.4  40.75 N   23.22 E     10      4.9     Greece
                                                           5.3mb(GS) 4.8MS(GS) 4.9 ML(ATH) 
                                                           1 person killed, 10 injured, and damage in the Thessaloniki
                                                           area. Felt strongly is S.E. Macedonia. Also felt in Bulgaria.

JUN 20   20:03:21.0  40.74 N   23.23 E     16      6.6     Greece
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 6.4MS(GS) 6.6MS(BRK) 6.5MS(PAS) 6.0ML(ATH) 
                                                           50 persons killed, many injured, and considerable damage in
                                                           the Thessaloniki area. Felt throughout Bulgaria and in
                                                           southern Yugoslavia. 

JUL 02   04:01:33.3  15.33 S  175.49 W     25      6.5     Tonga Islands
                                                           5.9mb(GS) 6.4MS(GS) 6.2MS(BRK) 6.5MS(PAS) 

JUL 04   02:40:54.0  32.66 N  131.12 E    118      5.7     Kyushu, Japan
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 
                                                           2 injured (IV JMA) on Kyushu. Felt (III JMA) in western
                                                           Shikoku.

JUL 04   22:23:28.0  40.75 N   23.06 E     19      4.6     Greece
                                                           5.1mb(GS) 4.8MS(GS) 4.6ML(ATH) 
                                                           1 killed, 16 injured, and minor damage in the Thessaloniki
                                                           area.

JUL 23   14:42:36.9  22.28 N  121.51 E     17      7.4     Taiwan region
                                                           6.5mb(GS) 7.4MS(GS) 6.9MS(PAS) 7.1mb(PAS) 6.8MS(BRK) 
                                                           Felt strongly on Taiwan. Also felt at Hong Kong. A small
                                                           tsunami of 10 cm height (peak to trough) was measured at
                                                           Ishigakijima, Ryukyu Islands.

JUL 29   14:37:32.7  14.84 N   91.02 W     10      4.9     Guatemala
                                                           4.9mb(GS) 4.5MS(GS) 
                                                           5 people killed, many injured and considerable damage and
                                                           landslides in the Patzun area. Felt at Guatemala City.

AUG 03   18:11:17.1  26.51 S   70.54 W     58      7.0     Near coast of Northern Chile
                                                           6.3mb(GS) 7.0mb(PAS) 6.5MS(PAS) 6.6mb(BRK) 
                                                           13 injured and major damage (IX) in the Copiapo-Taltal area.

AUG 03   23:25:32.1   0.17 S  131.80 E     33      6.1     West Irian region
                                                           5.9mb(GS) 6.1MS(GS) 6.6MS(PAS) 

AUG 13   22:54:53.5  34.35 N  119.70 W      7      5.7     Southern California
                                                           5.5mb(GS) 5.6MS(GS) 5.7ML(BRK) 5.1ML(PAS) 
                                                           12 to 15 million dollars damage in Santa Barbara-Goleta area.
                                                           Maximum intensity VII in Santa Barbara County. Also felt in
                                                           San Luis Obispo, Kern, Ventura, and Los Angeles Counties.

AUG 18   15:35:17.8  14.37 N   91.45 W     96      5.7     Guatemala
                                                           5.5mb(GS) 6.1mb(PAS) 5.7mb(BRK) 
                                                           Reported injuries and damage in western Guatemala. Felt (V)
                                                           at Guatemala City and San Salvador, El Salvador. 

AUG 23   00:38:32.2  10.20 N   82.22 W     56      7.2     Costa Rica
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 7.0MS(GS) 7.2MS(BRK) 6.6MS(PAS) 6.8mb(PAS) 
                                                           Minor damage at Santa Cruz. Felt Strongly at San Jose and
                                                           southern Nicaragua.

SEP 02   01:57:33.4  24.90 N  121.99 E    101      6.1     Taiwan Region
                                                           6.1mb(GS) 5.9mb(BRK) 
                                                           Several persons injured and minor damage reported on Taipei.

SEP 03   05:08:30.2  48.29 N    9.01 E      8      5.9     Germany
                                                           4.9mb(GS) 5.3MS(GS) 5.9ML(GRF) 5.4ML(TRI) 
                                                           Several reported injured, considerable damage in the
                                                           Tailfingen-Onstmettingen area, and damage reported to the
                                                           Hohenzollern Castle near Hechingen. Maximum intensity MM
                                                           (VIII). Felt throughout southwestern Germany and Alsace,
                                                           France. Also felt in Austria and Switzerland.

SEP 16   15:35:56.6  33.39 N   57.43 E     33      7.8     Iran
                                                           6.5mb(GS) 7.4MS(GS) 7.8MS(BRK) 
                                                           Estimated death toll 15,000. Extensive damage was reported in
                                                           Tabas and other surrounding areas.

NOV 01   19:48:28.0  39.35 N   72.62 E     40      6.8     Kirgiz SSR
                                                           6.2mb(GS) 6.8MS(GS) 6.8MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (VI) in the Osh-Andizhan area, and (V) at Tashkent.

NOV 04   22:29:22.1  11.23 S  162.18 E     33      6.9     Solomon Islands
                                                           5.8mb(GS) 6.9MS(GS) 6.8MS(BRK) 6.8MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt on San Cristobal and Guadacanal. This appears to be a
                                                           multiple event with the second event about 10 seconds later
                                                           being the larger.

NOV 05   22:02:07.1  11.13 S  162.14 E     33      7.4     Solomon Islands
                                                           6.3mb(GS) 7.1MS(GS) 7.4MS(BRK) 7.4MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt strongly on San Cristobal and (IV) at Honiara,
                                                           Guadalcanal.

NOV 29   19:52:47.6  16.01 N   96.59 W     18      7.9     Oaxaca, Mexico
                                                           6.4mb(GS) 7.7MS(GS) 7.9MS(BRK) 7.5MS(PAS) 7.8mb(PAS) 
                                                           Eight people killed, many injured, and extensive damage in
                                                           the Mexico City area. One person killed, several injured and
                                                           damage in the state of Oaxaca. Felt throughout southern
                                                           Mexico and in Guatemala and El Salvador.

NOV 29   19:52:47.6  16.01 N   96.59 W     18      7.9     Oaxaca, Mexico
                                                           6.4mb(GS) 7.7MS(GS) 7.9MS(BRK) 7.5MS(PAS) 7.8mb(PAS) 
                                                           Eight people killed, many injured, and extensive damage in
                                                           the Mexico City area. One person killed, several injured and
                                                           damage in the state of Oaxaca. Felt throughout southern
                                                           Mexico and in Guatemala and El Salvador.

DEC 06   14:02:01.0  44.59 N  146.58 E     91      7.5     Kuril Islands
                                                           6.7mb(GS) 7.4mb(LPZ) 7.3mb(BRK) 7.5mb(PAS) 
                                                           Damage reported (VIII) in the southern Kuril Islands, USSR,
                                                           and minor damage (IV JMA) on Hokkaido, Japan. Felt in
                                                           southern Sakhalin Island, USSR.

DEC 12   11:44:16.0   7.33 N  123.49 E     33      7.4     Mindanao, Philippine Islands
                                                           6.2mb(GS) 6.9MS(GS) 7.4MS(BRK) 6.9MS(PAS) 
                                                           Felt (IV RF) at Dipolog and Zamboanga and (III RF) on other
                                                           parts of the Island. Also felt on Jolo, Negros, and Danay.

DEC 14   07:05:20.6  32.14 N   49.65 E     33      6.2     Western Iran
                                                           5.7mb(GS) 6.2MS(GS) 
                                                           76 people killed and some injured in the areas of Izeh and
                                                           Masjed-e-Soleyman. Considerable damage was also reported.

DEC 23   11:23:12.0  23.25 N  122.08 E     33      7.2     Taiwan Region
                                                           6.6mb(GS) 7.0MS(GS) 6.8MS(BRK) 7.2mb(PAS) 6.7MS(PAS) 
                                                           2 people killed and three injured at Pingtung, Taiwan. Felt
                                                           (V) at Hong Kong, (III JMA) on Ishigakijima and Iriomotejima,
                                                           Ryukyu Islands and (II JMA) on Yonagunijima and Miyakojima,
                                                           Ryukyu Islands.

DEC 25   23:57:55.0  10.37 N  103.87 W     10      6.5     Off coast of Mexico
                                                           5.8mb(GS) 6.5MS(GS) 6.5MS(BRK) 6.2MS(PAS) 6.3mb(PAS) 




2005/09/07 12:22:59