Poster of the Java, Indonesia Earthquake of 17 July 2006 - Magnitude 7.7
The earthquake occurred as a result of thrust-faulting on the boundary between the Australia plate and the Sunda plate. On this part of their mutual boundary, the Australia plate moves north-northeast with respect to the Sunda plate at about 59 mm/year. The Australia plate thrusts beneath the Sunda plate at the Java trench, south of Java, and is subducted to progressively greater depths beneath Java and north of Java. The earthquake occurred on the shallow part of the plate boundary, about 50 km north of the Java trench.
The region of the plate boundary between the Australia plate and Sunda plate is seismically highly active. From preliminary results, it appears that today's earthquake is similar to the earthquake of June 2, 1994, magnitude 7.8, which produced a tsunami that had a maximum run-up height of 13 meters and killed over 200 people. That earthquake occurred south of Java about 600 km east-southeast of today's earthquake, also as a result of thrust faulting on the shallow plate boundary. On August 20, 1977, a magnitude 8.3 normal-fault earthquake occurred within the Australia plate about 1200 km east-southeast of today's earthquake, producing a tsunami that had a maximum run-up height of 15 meters and killed almost 200 people. This year's May 26 devastating Yogyakarta earthquake, magnitude 6.3, occurred at shallow depth within the overriding Sunda plate.
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